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Chest X-ray: A chest X-ray is frequently taken to look for signs of infection or lymph node involvement by leukemia. Staging is the way cancers are classified. Staging indicates the size or extent of spread of the cancer, the degree to which other parts of the body are affected, and other important details. In general, leukemias are classified rather than staged in order to determine the most appropriate therapy. All leukemias are classified according to their genotypes, or their unique chromosomal arrangements, which also enables the physicians to determine risk factors.

Today testing of surface markers on leukemia cells by flow cytometry also helps to classify diabetes 2 medications type of leukemia present.

In addiction, chronic myelogenous leukemia is classified by phase. The three phases are chronic phase, accelerated phase, and blast phase (or "blast crisis") and are defined by the number of blasts (immature leukemia cells) in the blood and bone marrow. Chronic lymphocytic leukemia microbiology infectious diseases impact factor classified by two different staging systems, both based on the types of blood cells and the parts of the body affected by the leukemia.

What Are the Leukemia Treatment Options. Specialists who treat blood disorders and other kinds of cancer are either hematologists or hematologist-oncologists. These specialists treat leukemia.

Once the patient has had the first encounter with the specialist, he or she will have ample opportunity to ask questions and discuss treatment options. The advantages and disadvantages of various treatment options are thoroughly discussed. Leukemia Medical TreatmentLeukemia treatment falls into two categories -- treatment to fight the cancer and treatment to relieve the symptoms of the disease and the side effects of the treatment (supportive care).

The most widely used antileukemic treatment is chemotherapy, that is, the use of powerful drugs to kill leukemia cells. Many people with leukemia have a semi-permanent intravenous (IV) line Sodium Picosulfate Oral Solution (Clenpiq)- Multum in the arm, or more commonly today, the upper chest, near the shoulder. People who microbiology infectious diseases impact factor leukemia in their cerebrospinal microbiology infectious diseases impact factor, or who are at high risk of having leukemic cells migrate to the spinal fluid, receive microbiology infectious diseases impact factor directly care your eyes the cerebrospinal canal.

This is known as intrathecal chemotherapy. More Leukemia Medical TreatmentChemotherapy kills cells or stops them from reproducing. Chemotherapy also kills rapidly growing healthy cells, accounting for many of the side effects of therapy. Newer agents are being developed that target leukemia cells and only minimally affecting healthy cells. These agents are known as targeted therapy. Hematologists and oncologists often refer microbiology infectious diseases impact factor phases of chemotherapy.

Only in certain types of leukemia are all three phases used. The fundamental goal of microbiology infectious diseases impact factor is to cure the patient. Cure means that blood tests and bone marrow biopsy again become normal and show no evidence of leukemia (the patient is siad to be in complete remission) and the leukemia does not come back (relapse) over time. Only time can determine whether a remission (with no evidence of disease) will lead to disease-free survival (cure).

In effect, remission may be short-lived, thereby requiring administration of new, previously unseen therapy. Results of this approach, often referred to as second-line therapy, are rarely curative.

Stem cell transplant, if available, has the best chance of a second-line therapy cure. This abnormality results in the production of an abnormal protein in the CML cells which drive them to behave abnormally. Drugs called TKIs (tyrosine kinases inhibitors) have been developed which target the abnormalities in these cells and can result in remission of the disease.

The first of these drugs microbiology infectious diseases impact factor called Imatinib or Gleevec, microbiology infectious diseases impact factor now there are several others microbiology infectious diseases impact factor for imatinib refractory cases. Biological drug therapy: This type of therapy uses biological drugs that act similarly to the body's natural immune system, such as monoclonal antibodies, interferon, or interleukins.

Radiation therapy: Radiation therapy is another treatment occasionally used in some types of leukemia. Stem cell transplantation: This is a treatment that allows use of very high doses of chemotherapy along with total body irradiation in order to kill the leukemic cells. Leukemia MedicationsNumerous chemotherapy and biological drug combinations may be prescribed by an oncologist.

Which type and combination of therapy depends on many factors including the type and stage of leukemia, whether treating adult or childhood leukemia, ability to tolerate chemotherapy side effects, and if any previous treatment for the leukemia has occurred. Oncologists often work together regionally to decide which combination of chemotherapy and biological drugs are currently working best for their patients.

Because of this, the drug combinations often vary and are able to change rapidly when improved results occur.

Does Leukemia Require Surgery. Surgery is generally not used to microbiology infectious diseases impact factor leukemia. Occasionally, a person with leukemia that has spread to the spleen has the spleen removed. This is usually done only if the spleen is so large that it is causing problems for nearby organs. Leukemia Other TherapyWhile alternative therapies, such as supplements, herbs, and body therapies, are not recommended as a replacement for medical treatment in leukemia, they may be considered complementary therapies.



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