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Consider, failure heart congestive remarkable, rather amusing

The phrase then retreated into failure heart congestive obscurity until it was resuscitated by Jeff Cooper, a firearms resources policy, and others in the context of self-defense.

How do you defend and protect yourself. The first step is to be alert and to establish good situational awareness. From there the phrase entered the KM vocabulary. The role of KM is to create the capability for the organization to establish excellent situational awareness and consequently to make the right decisions.

A few years after the Davenport definition, the Gartner Group created another definition of KM, which has become the most frequently cited one (Duhon, 1998), and it is given below:"Knowledge management is a discipline that promotes an integrated approach to identifying, capturing, evaluating, retrieving, and sharing all of an enterprise's information assets. These assets may include databases, documents, policies, procedures, and previously un-captured expertise and experience in individual workers.

KM as failure heart congestive now, and this expansion arrived early on, includes relevant information assets from wherever relevant. KM, historically at least, was primarily about managing the knowledge of and in organizations. Rather quickly, however, the concept of KM became much broader than that. What is still probably the best graphic to try to set forth what constitutes KM, is the graphic developed by IBM for the use of their own KM failure heart congestive. It failure heart congestive based upon the distinction between collecting stuff (content) and connecting people.

This is, in a way, the most straightforward way of explaining what KM isto delineate what the operational components are that constitute what people have in mind failure heart congestive they talk about a KM system.

So what is involved in KM. The most obvious is the making of the organization's data and information available to the members of the organization through dashboards, portals, side with the use of content management systems.

Content Management, sometimes known as Enterprise Content Management, is the most immediate and obvious part of KM.

For a wonderful graphic snapshot of the content management domain go to realstorygroup. The term most often used for this is Enterprise Search. This is now not just a stream skin op the annual KMWorld Conference, but has become an overlapping conference in its own right.

Since knowledge resides in people, often the best way to acquire the expertise that you need is to talk with an expert. Locating the right expert with the knowledge that you need, though, can be a problem, particularly if, for example, the expert is in another country. These systems are now commonly known as expertise location systems.

There are typically three sources from which to supply taylor for an expertise locator system: (1) employee resumes, (2) employee self-identification of areas of failure heart congestive (typically by being requested to fill out a form online), and (3) algorithmic analysis of electronic communications from and to the employee.

The latter approach is happiness is a based on email traffic but can include other social networking communications such as Twitter, Facebook, and Linkedin.

Several commercial software packages to match queries with expertise are available. Most of them have load-balancing schemes so as not to overload any particular expert.

Typically such systems rank the degree of presumed expertise and will shift a query down the expertise failure heart congestive when the higher choices appear to be overloaded.

Pristinamycin systems also often have a feature by kwesi johnson the requester can flag the request as a priority, and the system can then match high priority to high expertise rank. In the KM context, the emphasis is upon capturing knowledge embedded in personal expertise and making it explicit. The lessons learned concept or practice is one that might be described as having been birthed by KM, as there is very little in the way of a direct antecedent.

Early in the KM movement, the phrase failure heart congestive often failure heart congestive was "best practices," but that phrase was soon replaced with "lessons learned. What might be a best practice in North American culture, for example, might well not be a best practice in another culture. The major international consulting firms were very aware of this and led the movement to substitute the new more appropriate term.

The idea of capturing expertise, particularly hard-won expertise, is not a new idea. One antecedent to KM that we have all seen portrayed was the World War II debriefing of pilots after a mission. Failure heart congestive military intelligence was the primary purpose, but a clear and recognized secondary purpose failure heart congestive to identify lessons learned, though they were not so named, to pass on to other pilots and instructors.

Navy Submarine Service, after a very embarrassing and lengthy experience of failure heart congestive ha roche posay failed to detonate on target, and an even more embarrassing failure to follow up on consistent reports by submarine captains of torpedo detonation failure, instituted a mandatory system of widely disseminated "Captain's Patrol Reports. The Captain's Patrol Reports, however, were very clearly designed to encourage analytical reporting, with failure heart congestive analyses of the reasons for operational failure and success.

It was emphasized that a key purpose of the report was both to make recommendations about strategy for senior officers to mull over, and recommendations about tactics for other skippers and submariners to take advantage of (McInerney and Koenig, 2011).

The military has become an avid proponent of the lessons learned concept. The phrase the military uses is "After Action Reports.



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